SAT Grammar Tips: Crush the Writing and Language Section of the Test!

SAT Grammar Tips: Crush the Writing and Language Section of the Test!

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hey guys it's forego Super Junior TV today I'm gonna give you some tips on that SAT writing language test this is like half of the reading comprehension section on the SAT if you guys for some reason aren't that familiar with the SAT but I think a lot of you probably are because you're hanging out here and getting more tips we're going to go through three awesome strategies for this section are you ready before we get going subscribe to our YouTube channel all you have to do is click Subscribe super awesome super fun and go to our website also subscribe to our mailing list super junior slash subscribe and without further ado number one know what you're being tested on so maybe this is audience but one of the keys to really getting things right on the test just to know what you're being tested on and then respond to that accordingly basically there's a bunch of grammar rules of this test and there's also a bunch of types of questions that it tests and what you have to know is what's the strategy that I employ with every type of questions especially for the grammar questions this is a super vital and it's also pretty simple what I can do to try to figure out what's being tested as I can compare my answer traces and then I'm going to going to respond accordingly after I figure out what is being tested so here I can compare my answer choices I can see like a split down the middle it's either occur or occurs and then over here we're testing is it it is or they are okay so those are the two things being tested I can break that down a little further because I know the grammar I know this is a verb occur versus occurred and that means it's either going to be a subject or agreement over tense this is probably a verb agreement because occur and occurs are both in the same tense present tense so it's going to be subject verb agreement so I'm going to go find the subject that goes with occurred we have when any one of these changes occur so here's the deal when I have a prepositional phrase prepositional phrase that start with things like of I ignore them so that means I'm ignoring this part that I just highlighted in blue here and my subject is actually just the word one when one occur that sounds pretty bad so I know it's going to be occurs it's got to be C or D you see how I do this then I look at the next half and I say is that they are or is it it is well that's called pronoun agreement I have to figure out whether I need Ave or in it so let's read this whole sentence and we're going to figure out whether it's going to be the it or the day when any one of these changes occur it or they are likely the result of careful analysis conducted by transportation planners so here's what we have to figure out what is likely the result of this careful analysis conducted by transportation planners well I think probably what the result of the careful analysis is is the changes right we make changes after the transportation planners analyze something and then we know what's going on but here's what's confusing I have both one which is singular and I have changes which is plural right and I have it which is singular and as day which is plural so that's really why this is so confusing because both of those words seem kind of viable and here's the rule of thumb that I would generally say for these kind of sentences generally if possible if I'm sorted between two things I want to go with what the subject was in the first half of the sentence and make that the subject and the second half of the sentence if it's referenced by a pronoun so what I mean by that is because one remember how we crossed off the of these changes earlier to see the subject verb agreement well I'm going to do the same thing to try to hone in on this pronoun agreement because ideally my best cleanest structure is going to be having the subject of the first half of the sentence be the thing that the pronoun in the subject position and the second half of the sentence refers to if I can and that's just because it creates this really clean structure the exception to this rule would be if we're using word like which or that but that's another story and I come to the conclusion that the one is what the it is referring to so it is what we're looking for so therefore I know the answer is D okay but what this comes down to is in my process of solving these problems if I know what's being tested I can be super efficient in the way that I addresses I know really quickly that this is about pronoun agreement and subject verb agreement how do I know that so quickly because I'm a tutor and I know these things you probably don't know that so quickly but you can learn it and so learning all the grammar rules learning all these little like kind of things and coming up with patterns for yourself you can do that through exposure to these tests you can do it through getting some prep guides and learning from them there's a second half to this though because sometimes you're being tested on things that aren't totally clear so let's take a look at one that's not totally clear and the ones that aren't totally clear are often a little fuzzier and they have question stems and they're more complicated and these are usually the hardest problems on the test these are going to be harder to just learn to do from a grammar guide okay the first kind of questions man you should be able to nail all of those by getting your grammar guides figuring out what's wrong and addressing it doing that over and over again if you need really help you guys out so for these I actually take a different approach this one is just a keeper delete write the writer is considering deleting the underlined sentence show the sentence B capture deleted this doesn't tell me what the grammar or style rule is it just asks me is it appropriate if not why should I get rid of it or why should I keep it right tell us back the grammar rule so if I want to know whether I'm going to keep or delete eight what I'm actually going to do because I don't know what's being tested rather than just look here and I might look there if I get stuck I'm going to look back here and try to find the perfect answer and then get it to match up I'm going to try to figure out what's being tested by looking at the context figuring out what's wrong with it identifying what the test is testing from my own instincts so that's how you like to usually do these and the best way to do that is to go back and read the whole paragraph so let's do that together right now transportation planners work closely with a number of community stakeholders such as government officials and other interested organizations and individuals representatives from a local public health department so this is one group of people from these community stakeholders right might provide input in designing a network of blah blahs all the lots to encourage people so I'm skipping over this a little bit you can see because I'm looking at the structure of this and looking at what fits into this paragraph this is my topic sent if this fit it should fit with my topic sentence right according to the American Heart Association walking provides numerous benefits related to health and well-being so this really feels out of place to me just instinctually this seems to be at all about transportation planning and the steps to planning new transportation routes and this is just randomly about how walking is healthy then we have members of the Chamber of Commerce might share suggestions about designing transportation and parking facilities to support local businesses again do you see how this these people work into this idea of community stakeholders you see that here in this sense I have human beings in the community and they work into this idea this ins though seems like a random fun fact about the healthiness of walking so I think that's totally R and R and it should be deleted so I don't look for d delete it because it's random because a Blair's paragraphs focus on community stakeholders with whom transportation planners work yes that seems to be what it's about but I'm going to read D also I never just go with one answer I always read everything possible Delina because it doesn't provide specific examples of what the numerous benefits walking are but who says we have to provide specific examples right usually because it doesn't these answers on the SAT are usually wrong anyhow but you see how I see what's being tested and what's being tested is randomness and I figure that out by going to the paragraph looking for the perfect answer and then matching it up so that's how you do something like this but you can see how this is harder because I have to know what's up to get it right a little bit more versus being able to just look at the answer choice to see the differences between them and go really quickly tip number two when in doubt compare your answer choices I know we talked about this a little bit in the last one but a good technique when you're stuck or when you don't know what the answer is is compare your answer choices see if there's a difference between them try to figure out how one is different from another or what one has above the other so sometimes I'll read something and it sounds grammatically correct but I don't quite know what's wrong with it here current road as it is designed at this time current design of the road right now so what I could do actually with my pencil if I had a pencil I could cross up all the words that are the same like current Road and see what the difference is the only difference DNA that I see it's at this time versus right now and when I think about it those Arlene exactly the same thing sure what is three words and what is two words but they both mean the same thing and I'm like huh I don't even just think the answer choices so sound about equivalent I find two that are about equivalent they're probably rode as it is now currently defined or current design of the road so this one I'm going to say all a B and C are about the same D is the same two except that it has fewer words and when I think about it current means the same as right now so you see how by looking at the answer traces in the differences I can kind of hone in on the wording that's the redundant wording in any case it's a good clarifying step again that was also one of the steps that I was doing when I was identifying the problems remember on that last one so these two kind of go together knowing what you're being tested on and comparing your answer choices they're both sort of vital little skill sets that you're going to be using on this test cool my tip number three is really needs one of the things that I would say is some tutors will tell you to read the whole passage before you start any other questions on the writing and language sections I don't necessarily think you need to do that on this section if you really like doing that hey more power to you if you love that but my motto in this section is read one you need it doesn't mean never read trust me does not mean never mean if you never read the passage you are likely to get yourself in trouble and a lot of students who do that and they give themselves in trouble another mistake that students make is when they don't read the whole thing first and they just jump question the question is oftentimes they don't read enough so when do you need to read that's the question well I'm going to tell you you need to read them on placement questions that's where should the sentence go what order should these be in you need to read them on structure questions which is which one of these creates so similar parallelism to the other sentences we're going to look at one of those right now and you need to read them when you have keeper delete or transition words whenever you have those kind of problems that's all about the context you've got to read up and down until you have a thorough understanding of thing and oftentimes that means reading whole darn paragraphs okay to understand the structure of these SAT passages you've got to read a little bit more you can't just read one sentence at a time that being said for like easy grammar questions where you're just looking subject-verb agreement or pronoun agreement you don't have to read everything so that's why my motto read when you need okay so number one it says which choice best maintains the sentence pattern already established in the paragraph well in order to figure out the sub standard already established in the paragraph duh we have to read earlier in the paragraph a subway system is expanded to provide service to a growing suburb a bike sharing program is adopted to encourage non-motorized transportation do you see the parallelism noun is something you d to something right now is something ad to something over here noun is something needy to something there it is see how I can pick up the pattern I can't pick up that pattern if I don't read it so make sure you've read enough and if you get stuck on anything that's more rhetorical strategy based as opposed to just straight-up grammar rule base remember it probably comes down to you need to read a little bit more context so I hope you like this video I hope you found it helpful if so please give this video a thumbs up go check out all of our other skills videos for the SAT subscribe to our YouTube channel you should also go check out super tutor TV com we've got a complete HPC prep series of Awesomeness that you can go check out see a free sh t resources we have blogs we have lots of awesome stuff so go check it out and watch more videos I will see you guys next time on super cheesy TV take care and good luck on your test

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